Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground.
Sprinkler irrigation is a type of pressurized irrigation that consists of applying water to the soil surface using mechanical & hydraulic devices that simulate natural rainfall.
5 Advantages of Sprinkler Irrigation System:
- Affordable and easy to set up.
- Water measurement is easier than surface irrigation system.
- Less interference with cultivation and less land loss.
- High and frequent application can be effectively accomplished.
- Easy mechanization and automation.
5 Disadvantages of Sprinkler Irrigation System:
- High operating cost.
- Water will drift when there is a lot of wind.
- A stable water supply is needed.
- Saline water may cause problem.
- Water must be free from sand, debris and large amount of salt.