Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is farmed every year. This is in contrast to nomadic farming, in which new areas are farmed as the soil becomes less nutrient-rich from extensive planting, and shifting cultivation, which uses controlled forest fires to produce arable land.
Sedentary farming was developed independently in Eurasia and the Americas. On the Eurasian continent, sedentary agriculture was practiced by 10,000 B.C.E.
America was first populated in 20,000 B.C.E., and the first people in America were foragers and hunters. By 7,000 B.C.E., agriculture was also practiced in South America. The development of sedentary farming on both continents allowed civilization to develop.