The Green Revolution is advantageous because it has enhanced yields, improved resistance of crops to diseases, expanded the export of cash crops and created massive job opportunities within the industrial and agricultural sectors. The disadvantages of the Green Revolution include the inability of poor workers to afford expensive machinery and fertilizer, replacement of food crops with cash crops and contribution to unemployment among manual workers.
The research initiatives of the Green Revolution are attributed to the increased use of technology in agricultural activities. New and hybrid varieties of crops, such as maize, wheat and rice, have been produced due to the Green Revolution. Loans and grants have been made available to enable farmers to purchase new fertilizers, machinery and seeds, causing most of them to be left with hefty loans. CNX notes that the Green Revolution has promoted irrigation processes through the digging of wells and increased access to dams and inundation canals. The agricultural sector has become more sustainable due to the Green Revolution. Sources of renewable energy, such as biogas, solar and wind power, are used to propagate Green Revolution projects. Pollution from agrichemicals is associated with the Green Revolution, causing health damages to humans, wildlife and livestock.