ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE MAIN TYPES OF IRRIGATION SYSTEM (Surface Irrigation)

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The irrigation is a technique that aims to meet the water needs of an area planted due to low water availability or poor distribution of rains . The main types of irrigation currently used are the superficial, the localized and the sprinkler.

Surface Irrigation

In this type the water is led to the point of infiltration directly by the surface of the soil . The most common irrigation systems for this type are flood irrigation and furrow irrigation . This type of irrigation is widely used  in rice production .

Advantages/Benefits:

  • Low cost of deployment, energy and maintenance ;
  • It favors the increase of the photosynthesis in the lower leaves, due to the reflection of the light in the water;
  • The wind does not limit the irrigation;
  • It promotes the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen , as a result of favoring the growth of blue-green algae.

Disadvantages:

  • Standing water can harm plants, mainly by reducing the respiration of the roots;
  • Fairly dependent on soil slope;
  • Erosions frequent in the grooves;
  • Loss of water occurs due to percolation .