Advantages and Disadvantages of Micro Irrigation Systems

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A low pressure irrigation system that spray, mist, sprinkle or drip – is called as Micro Irrigation System. The term “micro-irrigation” means – a family of irrigation systems that apply water through small devices. These devices deliver water onto the soil surface very near the plant or below the soil surface directly into the plant root zone. Growers, producers and landscapers have adapted micro-irrigation systems to suit their needs for precision water application.

This system is based on specific discharge-patterns of water in the crop fields, lawns, and horticulture stations, landscaping areas or domestic settings. Micro-irrigation requires a number of components that include pipes, tubes, water emitting devices, flow control equipment, installation tools, fittings and accessories.

Micro Irrigation
Micro Irrigation

Water Emission devices in micro irrigation system deliver water in three different modes: drip, bubbler and micro-sprinkler. On this basis the micro irrigation system can be divided into three basic categories- Drip Irrigation, Bubbler Irrigation, and the Micro- sprinkler Irrigation. In drip mode, water is applied as droplets or trickles. In bubbler mode, water `bubbles out’ from the emitters. In the micro-sprinkler mode of irrigation water is sprinkled, sprayed or misted on the plants.