13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Intercropping System

intercropping

Advantages of Intercropping system are:

  1. Reduction in soil runoff and controls weeds;
  2. Intercropping with cash crops is higher profitable;
  3. It acts as an insurance against failure of crops in abnormal year;
  4. Inter-crops maintain the soil fertility as the nutrient uptake is made from both layers of soil;
  5. Inter-cropping gives additional yield income/unit area than sole cropping;
  6. It helps to avoid inter-crop competition and thus a higher number of crop plants are grown per unit area;
  7. Inter cropping system utilizes resources efficiently and their productivity is increased (Reddy and Redid: 1991);
  8. Intercrops provide shade and support to the other crop.
intercropping
advantages and disadvantages of inter-cropping

Disadvantages of Intercropping system are:

  1. Yield decreases as the crops differ in their competitive abilities;
  2. Management of I/c having different cultural practices seems to be difficult task;
  3. Harvesting is difficult;
  4. Higher amount of fertilizer or irrigation water cannot be utilized properly as the component crops vary in their response of these resources;
  5. Improved implements cannot be used efficiently.