Subsurface irrigation systems is growing in importance today. It provides numerous opportunities for large scale and small growers alike. Take a look at some of the reported benefits or advantages of subsurface irrigation systems:
• There is an immediate reduction in costs simply because there is no need for a worker to water plants since the subsurface irrigation waters automatically.
• It costs less to water plants more fully. Less water is lost in the process and there’s no run-off.
• Subsurface irrigation systems can free up above ground space. This can increase the amount of crops produced and less equipment required.
• Crops grown in these conditions may grow more uniformly. The water is evenly distributed across all plants, improving overall growth level. More so, there is less of a need for fertilizer use, which is both good for the environment and for budgeting.
• With less water remaining on the leaves, there is a lowered risk of excessive moisture damage.
In addition to these benefits, subsurface irrigation can be an eco-friendly move. It allows growers to better manage resources and reduces overall mechanical use. Additionally, the use of these systems can help to reduce the need for fertilizer. Used within a greenhouse or outdoors, subsurface irrigation is not complex but it does require a properly designed system for the unique aspects of the project. Overall, subsurface irrigation provides a clear opportunity for most applications.
Disadvantages Subsurface Irrigation Systems:
- Driving vehicles over a subsurface irrigation system will likely damage piping.
- Storage facilities for effluent must exist for extended periods of time when the ground for subsurface irrigation systems is wet or frozen.
- Wind obstructions may be necessary with a subsurface irrigation system to prevent off-site air transportation of effluent.