The Advantages and Disadvantages of Drip line Irrigation System

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A surface drip irrigation line will apply water to the soil surface, allowing it to sink slowly down to the root of the plant. A subsurface drip irrigation line, on the other hand, will target the plant’s root zone directly, having been either temporarily or permanently buried.

Drip line Irrigation System
Drip line Irrigation System

Advantages/Pros of Drip line Irrigation

  • Water is used at maximum optimum level.
  • As water is applied locally and leaching is reduced, fertilizer/nutrient loss is minimized.
  • Weeds cannot absorb water as no water is available for them and thus grow in less number
  • Crop yield is maximum
  • Fertilizers can be used with high efficiency.
  • Minimum operating cost
  • No soil erosion
  • Soil infiltration capacity is increased.
  • Fertilizers and ground water is not mixed.
  • Seed germination is improved.
  • We can use recycled water safely.
  • It is not necessary to level the fields.
  • We can irrigate water in irregular shaped lands.
  • Waste of fertilizers is reduced by 50%
  • Energy cost is reduced as it is operated in lower pressure than other irrigation methods.

Disadvantages/Cons of Drip line Irrigation

  • Initial cost is high.
  • May cause clogging if water is not filtered correctly.
  • Problems in moisture distribution.
  • Salinity problem.