Micro-irrigation system is a modern method of irrigation. In, this method which we deliver water slowly. Usually delivered in the form of discrete droplets, continuous drops, streams, etc. Micro-irrigation system is popular these days for its low cost and water-efficiency.
There are mainly Five Types of Micro Irrigations System:
1. Sprinkler Irrigation
Sprinkler Irrigation is a system or a device that delivers water for irrigation. It works in a pressurized form similar to natural rainfall. This form of irrigation provides water efficiently. In addition, this ensures improvement in crop yield. Devices used in this irrigation include high-pressure sprinklers, sprays, or guns. They supply the plant with the exact amount of water necessary for their optimum growth.
2. Drip Irrigation
In Drip Irrigation, Emitters directly deliver water to the plant root into the soil. These emitters optimize and distribute the pressure from the water source using vents, twisters, and convoluted or long flow paths which allows only a limited amount of water to pass through. You can place the emitters on the ground and also planted deep in the soil. The water flowing through emitters moves with no barrier at the desired pace.
3. Spray Irrigation
You can use a jet spray to deliver water and it is in wide use. It can move about easily in any size and you can place it in a lawn or use large farms to watering the crops.
4. Subsurface Irrigation
In this irrigation system, it applies water to plants from below the soil’s surface. This micro-irrigation is beneficial and highly efficient. It needs only low levels of water pressure to perform effectively. In this system, tubes and pipes are hidden under the soil for water delivery, which means there is no wastage of water at all.
It uses if the size of the subsurface irrigation system, water application can be exceedingly efficient and uniform. Subsurface irrigation prevents disease and weeds by eliminating stagnation of surface water.
A well- designed subsurface irrigation system can enhance the efficiency of water and fertilizer applications for the better quality of crop yields.
5. Bubbler Irrigation
You can install this system in the area where water needs are high. It applies the water through small streams and fountains, which dissipate water at the rate of approximately 230 liters per hour. It is preferred in which a large amount of water needs to be applied in a short span of time.